Mold unfortunately is a fact of life. Without it, there would be no ecosystem. However, sometimes mold gets into places where it is unwanted, like people’s homes. Mold in the house can cause a lot of issues especially with newborns or people with asthma; issues such as sore throat, runny nose, congested sinuses, and a wheezing dry cough. Some types of mold can even cause illness and infection. When buying a new home or apartment, it is always important to inspect for mold and to deal with any mold professionally.
The most common category of mold around the home are allergenic molds, which when the spore is breathed in, causes an allergic reaction or symptoms of an allergic reaction. The most common types of allergenic molds are Alternaria, Aspergillus, Aureobasidium and Cladosporium. Alternaria can be identified by its brownish-green coloration and its velvety texture. Alternaria usually grows in damp environments such as bathtubs, sinks, and homes with water damage.
Aspergillus is also common and grows in a large variety of different species. Unfortunately, because of its large varieties of species, this can make it difficult to identify. Aspergillus can grow in damp carpeting, rotten boards or any untreated wood that is exposed to moisture.
Aureobasidium is usually pink in color and as it ages will turn dark brown or black. Often it is found under old wallpaper, on old wooden furniture, or, under the right conditions, it can grow on paint.
Cladosporium, usually appears as yellow, green or black spots in clusters. Cladosporium is a very unique and hardy mold that can grow in hot or cold climates. This mold prefers to grow on fabrics like carpets, rugs, and musty furniture. Cladosporium in some conditions can also grow under the floorboards.
Another most common category of mold is toxigenic mold which can cause illness and infection. The most common types of toxigenic mold are Stachybotrys, better known as “black mold”, Acremonium, and Fusarium. Black mold is dark green or black in color and has a slimy texture to it. Stachybotrys thrives in warm, damp environments and usually prefers a cellulose type of material such as wood, wicker or hay.
Acremonium starts out small and moist and transforms over time to be fine and powdery, it will also appear pink, orange, grey or white in color. Acremonium grows where condensation gathers. Window sills, humidifiers, and drain pans are where it can most commonly be found.
Fusarium is another hardy type of mold that can grow, even when temperatures are colder. Fusarium is usually reddish, pink, or white and grows primarily on food and compost but can also grow in carpet or wallpaper.
With the large variety of molds, it can be difficult for someone to identify what type of mold is growing in their house. It is best to contact a professional so they can identify the mold, discern how to get rid of the mold, and use the proper tools in order to eradicate it from the home.
For tips or a consultation and to schedule an appointment, contact us today at 772-212-1352 .